What is tooth growth?

Primary teeth


  • Rub the gums with your finger.
  • Rub the gums with the back of a small, cold spoon.

If the pain persists, a dentist, pharmacist or doctor can recommend an over-the-counter drug for pain.


  • Do not rub topical anesthetic agents (like Orajel) on the gums of children under 2 years old;
  • Do not give him teething biscuits. They may contain added or concealed sugar.
  • If your child develops a fever, do not assume that this is caused by the teething. The eruption of new teeth does not make a child sick or feverish. If your child has a fever, please see your doctor.

Permanent teeth:

They are also known as the “first molars” or “molar six years”.
They grow in the back of the mouth, behind the last primary teeth (or milk teeth).
They do not replace the primary teeth. Between around 6 and 12 years of age, the roots will slowly disappear and the primary teeth will fall out.
Your child can have fun moving her primary teeth if they are loose. If they are not ready to fall out however, she should not pull them out, as she is likely to bleed a lot.

Why do new permanent teeth seem more yellow or stained?

Permanent teeth are often more yellow than primary teeth. It’s normal. However, some spots or stains may be caused by a medication, an excessive amount of fluoride or early tooth decay We recommend that you speak with your dentist at your next visit.

What are cavities?

Tooth decay is among the most common diseases in our society. It can affect virtually anyone and is caused by an excessive accumulation of bacteria that remains on the teeth. These bacteria bind together to form a community, which is referred to as a dental plaque or biofilm. The germs that live in plaque digest the sugar in food and produce acid that leads to the development of holes and cavities.
It is important to brush your teeth and floss regularly to maximally reduce plaque build-up. Keep in mind that the greater the amount of plaque, the thicker – and more removal-resistant – it will be. Consequently, this significantly increases your risk of dental cavities.

The details

Cavities then penetrate the dentin, which is connected to the nerve cells in the pulp of the tooth. You may start to experience greater sensitivity or pain, but it is also possible to be symptom-free. It is at this point that the decay (cavity) has reached the ‘point of no return’ and restoration (filling) becomes necessary. As the decay process accelerates, it reaches the soft tissue which can no longer support the enamel. At this stage, the tooth deteriorates, and the cavity begins to form. A tooth with an advanced or long-standing cavity may be significantly weakened to the point where it requires a crown.
If the decay is not treated, it will eventually reach the pulp of the tooth, which encloses the nerves, and cause pain – usually in the form of a toothache. Once the dental pulp (tooth nerve) is reached, a process of inflammation begins called irreversible pulpitis (toothache)…. This state is characterized by an intense pain that is quite constant. A root canal treatment (which involves removing the tooth’s pulp) then becomes the only way to completely eliminate the pain.
If left untreated, nerve irritation that leads to dental infection (eventually causing nerve death), can develop into an abscess and extend to adjacent teeth or to other parts of the nerve. If the infection is detected in time however, it is possible to save the tooth with a root canal treatment. If the tooth cannot be saved, it will probably have to be removed.
As the early stages of tooth decay usually go unnoticed and are pain-free, it is very important to see the dentist every six months for a cleaning and dental exam.

Why is it important to treat tooth decay even if the tooth doesn't hurt?

Tooth decay progresses in stages. During the primary stages of decay, the tooth may or may not be slightly sensitive to changes in temperature. The progression of early and superficial decay can be stopped by improving dental hygiene.
However, decay that has already passed through the surface layer of the enamel and reaches the dentin of the tooth will require restoration (commonly called a filling).

What are the different types of filling?


Gold restorations are strong and non-corrosive and can last up to 15 years. Some patients find them more esthetically appealing than silver amalgam restorations. However, gold fillings are more expensive than other types of fillings and require more than one visit to the dentist’s office before filling of the tooth is complete.

Silver amalgam (gray fillings).

While they provide strength and durability similar to gold restorations (and at a lower cost), many people do not like their appearance. In addition, silver amalgam restorations can expand and contract, increasing the risk of fracture

Composite (white fillings).

Composite fillings are tooth-colored fillings. They are a popular option because it is possible to match the filling’s color with that of your teeth


Ceramic restorations are attractive, durable, and also adhere to the tooth’s surface. In recent years, technological advancements in the improvement of quality ceramics have allowed ceramics to become the material of choice for Veneers, Crowns, Bridges, and Inlays

Ionomer glass.

In general, these fillings last less than five years but are often a good choice for children whose teeth are still developing. They are also recommended if you want to temporarily repair a tooth before undergoing more comprehensive treatment. Ionomer glass fillings are also less expensive due to their temporary nature and have the advantage of releasing fluoride, which helps to prevent cavities.

How to take care of teeth in the elderly?

Ensuring good dental health is essential for preserving overall health.

Poor oral health can lead to several debilitating health conditions that are particularly dangerous for seniors. For example, cavities and gum disease may be linked to other serious conditions including stroke. In the presence of cavities and gum disease, bacteria in the mouth can enter directly into the bloodstream, leading to the weakening of the immune system while also increasing the severity of pre-existing health problems.
It is not uncommon for older people to have dentures.

However, dentures require special attention. If they become loose over time, irritated gums can cause significant discomfort and affect nutrition. Elderly patients should visit their dentist for regular check-ups and dental cleanings. If you have specific questions about dental care for the elderly, feel free to contact us.